Insight into the Early Universe

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Produced by the Space Telescope Science Institute’s Office of Public Outreach in collaboration with NASA’s Universe of Learning partners: Caltech/IPAC, Center for Astrophysics | Harvard & Smithsonian, and NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Video imagery:

·       Hubble eXtreme Deep Field visualization: NASA, Frank Summers (STScI), Lisa Frattare (STScI), Tiffany Borders-Davis (STScI), Zolt G. Levay (STScI), Greg Bacon (STScI)
·       JWST JADES survey NIRCam (Near-Infrared Camera) image: NASA, ESA, CSA.

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Photos of planets and galaxies pass by. Text, News From the Universe. June 12, 2023. Insight into the early universe. Hubble Extreme Deep Field. Before NASA's James Webb Space Telescope, the era of the first galaxies was a mystery. 
Early results from the J W S T Advanced Deep Extragalactic Survey, JADES, program offer cluse to how the early universe developed. The view moves through space, a dark field filled with bright glowing galaxies. Some are orange or red while others are more blue or white. Some have visible spirals or are flat and disc-shaped while others appear as spheres. 
Webb shows more than 700 candidate galaxies far beyond predictions that existed when the universe was between 370 million and 650 million years old. 
Almost every galaxy shows intense star formation. Radiation from these early, massive stars may have been responsible for clearing away the opaque fog of the early universe. JADES data is still coming in, providing a clearer picture of how the activity of early galaxies led to the universe we inhabit today. 
This news was brought to you in part by the Space Telescope Science Institute in Baltimore, Maryland.