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Celestial Tour: Impact Craters—Footprints in Time


Produced by the Space Telescope Institute, Office of Public Outreach

All images courtesy of NASA except:

  • Full Moon image: Bill Arnett,

  • Gibbous Moon image: NASA/JPL

  • Mars mosaic featuring Schiaparelli crater: NASA/JPL/USGS, image processing by Jody Swann/Tammy Becker/Alfred McEwen

  • Mimas and Hyperion images: NASA/JPL/Space Science Institute

  • Gaspra image: NASA/JPL

  • Phobos image: ESA/DLR/FV Berlin (G. Neukum)

  • Phoebe and Enceladus image: NASA/JPL/Space Science Institute

  • Eros image: NASA/JPL/JHUAPL

  • Images of Earth's eastern and western hemispheres: Reto Stockli/Robert Simmon/NASA/MODIS/USGS/DMSP

  • Flood photo: FEMA/Patricia Brach

  • Lava photo: U.S. Department of Interior, U.S. Geological Survey

  • San Andreas Fault photo: NOAA/NGDC

  • Landslide photo: Randy Jibson, USGS

  • Asteroid Ida image: NASA/JPL

  • Animation of meteor burning in atmosphere: Science Data--Leonard Wikberg III, Producer/Animator

  • Starfield image: Created with SkyChart III software by Southern Star System

  • Meteor photos: Jimmy Westlake, Nejc Ucman, and Alan Dyer

  • Illustrations of cratered Earth and impact crater stages: Ann Feild, STScI

  • Map of Earth impact sites: Krista Wildt

  • Kara Kul crater image: USGS EROS Data Center Satellite Systems

  • Kebira crater image: NASA image by Robert Simmon, based on Landsat-7 data provided by the UMD Global Land Cover Facility

  • Serra da Cangalha and Tenoumer crater images: NASA images by Jesse Allen using data from NASA/GSFC/METI/ERSDAC/JAROS and US/Japan ASTER Science Team

  • Wolfe Creek crater image: NASA image by Jesse Allen, based on data provided by USGS Land Processes Distributed Active Archive Center

  • Barringer crater aerial image: Brad Snowder

  • Animation of Barringer crater impact: Science Data--Leonard Wikberg III, Producer/Animator

  • Video of simulated impact: Peter H. Schultz (Brown University); experiment at the NASA Ames Vertical Gun Range

  • Barringer crater and San Francisco Peaks aerial image: copyright Peter L. Kresan

  • Gosses Bluff crater image: NASA image provided by the Earth Sciences and Image Analysis Laboratory at Johnson Space Center

  • Manicouagan crater image: NASA/GSFC/LaRC/JPL, MISR Team

  • Manicouagen topographic map: SRTM Team, NASA/JPL/NIMA

  • Photo of low-speed impact crater in sand: Vanessa Thomas

  • Image of double crater on Mars: ESA/DLR/FU Berlin (G. Neukum)

  • Jupiter image: NASA, ESA, A. Simon-Miller (NASA/GSFC)

  • Ganymede image: NASA/JPL

  • Image of Enki crater chain on Ganymede and close-up image of Ganymede's surface: NASA/JPL/Brown University

  • Image of Comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 and Jupiter: H.A. Weaver, T.E. Smith (STScI), and J. T. Trauger, R.W. Evans (JPL), and NASA

  • Image of comet impact sites on Jupiter: Hubble Space Telescope Comet Team and NASA

  • Alien asteroid belt illustration: NASA/JPL-Caltech/T. Pyle (SSC)

  • Ganymede, Callisto, and Europa images: NASA/JPL/DLR

  • Close-up image of Callisto's surface: NASA/JPL

  • Io image: NASA/JPL/USGS

  • Close-up image of Europa's surface: NASA/JPL/University of Arizona

  • Mercury images: NASA/Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory/Carnegie Institution of Washington

  • Venus craters image and computer-generated rendering of Maat Mons volcano on Venus: NASA/JPL

  • Australia image: Reto Stockli/Robert Simmon/NASA/MODIS/USGS/DMSP

  • Wolfe Creek crater image: Reproduced with the permission of Natural Resources Canada 2008, courtesy of the Geological Survey of Canada

  • Shoemaker and Acraman crater images: NASA/USGS

  • Hubble Space Telescope image of Mars: NASA, J. Bell (Cornell University), and M. Wolff (SSI)

  • Mars Mercator projection: National Geographic Society, MOLA Science Team, MSS, JPL, NASA

  • Mars elevation globe: NASA/JPL/MOLA Science Team

  • Full Moon image: Lick Observatory

  • Lunar meteorite images: Antarctic Meteorite Laboratory, NASA/JSC

  • Image of Central America from space: SeaWiFS Project, NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, and ORBIMAGE

  • Earth impact illustrations: Don Davis, NASA

  • Yucatan Peninsula relief map: SRTM Team, NASA/JPL/NIMA

  • Photo of Samuel Oschin Telescope at night: Palomar Observatory/California Instutute of Technology

  • Photos of Carancas (Peru) crater and meteorite fragments: Michael Farmer

Music courtesy of Associated Production Music

Written by Vanessa Thomas
Designed by Krista Wildt and John Godfrey


All narration is presented in text form within the video. In addition, a full transcript will be available in the Library in the near future. Check back soon!